B2 Review: The Cold is Coming Soon

2012 FILM. COLD IS COMING SOON.

I had a truly magical night when I went to see a film called “2012” in the summer of 2011. A friend of me mine wanted to see this film when it was announced in on TV. In appearanceit was an eye-catching film set in the near future. My friend and I both like very much those kinds of “catastrophic” films very much.

The film is set in the future. Humans have destroyed the environment due to their contaminating gases. Those gases, as CO2 or methane, have caused an irreversible green- house effect. The atmosphere has become hotter and hotter and the salinity of the oceans has been changed. Because of this changed in the world´s oceans, the cold layer of the atmosphere is coming down and it is cooling the air, even the air situated in at the sea level. The plot is simple and understandable for everyone, and it is easy to follow even in the more scientific scenes. (You have to choose a tense to talk about the movie. We can use the present simple when talking about plots. If you are talking about your watching the movie and what you saw, you can use the past simple. What we cannot do is, to switch from one tense to the other talking about the same thing.)

Besides this main plot, a romantic story appears in the film. “Jon” is a young boy who has travelled to NYC with her his high school´s classmate. They form a scientific group that compite competes in a scientific competition. He felt falls in love with the girl of the group, a smart and beautiful blonde girl. When they arrived at in NYC they met another brilliant boy, who will be their opponent in the competition but who will become their friend.

While Jon and their friend are in the competition, the climate is getting worse. Jon´s father knows this critical situation because he has studied the ocean´s chances for a long time. He and his scientific team is are the only people in the world who believe in the fact of a catastrophical changes around the Earth. A great storm is coming, and it will be the worst storm in History; gales force winds, heavy rains, snow showers, electrical storms and rough sea. All those situations are represented in the film with incredible special effects.

The days go on and nobody trust in Jon´s father, except his son. However, suddenlya great wave will devastates NYC and many people will die. Jon´s father will felt feels guilty; if I had explained better the environmental changes better, the government would have trust me. Fortunately, his son
and his son´s friends will survive by hiding in the building of the Public Library.

The situation of Jon and their his friend will becomes more difficult when the days passes and the storm is getting gets worse. They have no food, and they felt more and more cold colder and colder. So, Jon´s father decides to rescue them. He will travelalong frozen seas until he arrives at in NYC with food and warm clothes.

Finally, the storm will finishes murdering killing thousands of people. The north side of the Earth will be is frozen and rich countries will be are helped by the poor ones becoming all people making everyone friends. An incredible final end for an incredible film.

 

There is no major difference in meaning between my friend and afriend of mine – only some subtle differences in usage.

A friend of mine is a little more “distant” or non-specific about the person.

Examples:

My friend Kalinda lives in Washington.

A friend of mine from college lives in Washington.

In the first sentence, we say the friend’s name – Kalinda. It’s more specific and more personal. In the second sentence, we don’t say the friend’s name if it’s not so important in the context of the conversation.

When introducing someone, you can use either my friend or a friend of mine:

This is my friend Kalinda.

This is Kalindaa friend of mine from college.

Notice that my friend comes before the name, and a friend of mine comes after the name, as a description giving more information.

A friend of mine, a friend of yours, a friend of his, a friend of hers, a friend of ours, a friend of yours, a friend of theirs

 

Possessive Pronouns

We use possessive pronouns to refer to a specific person/people or thing/things (the “antecedent”) belonging to a person/people (and sometimes belonging to an animal/animals or thing/things).

We use possessive pronouns depending on:

  • number: singular (egmine) or
    plural (egours)
  • person: 1st person (eg: mine), 2nd
    person (egyours) or 3rd person (eghis)
  • gender: male (his), female (hers)

Below are the possessive pronouns, followed by some example sentences. Notice that each possessive pronoun can: be subject or object

  • refer to a singular or plural
    antecedent

Number

person

gender (of “owner“)

possessive pronouns

singular

1st

male/
female

mine

2nd

male/
female

yours

3rd

male

his

female

hers

plural

1st

male/
female

ours

2nd

male/
female

yours

3rd

male/
female/ neuter

theirs

  • Look at these pictures. Mine is the big one. (subject = My picture)
  • I like your flowers. Do you like mine(object = my flowers

  • I looked everywhere for your key. I found John’s key but I couldn’t find yours. (object
    = your key)
  • My flowers are dying. Yours are lovely. (subject = Your flowers

  • All the essays were good but his was the best. (subject = his essay)
  • John found his passport but Mary couldn’t find hers. (object = her passport)
  • John found his clothes but Mary couldn’t find hers. (object = her clothes

  • Here is your car. Ours is over there, where we left it. (subject = Our car)
  • Your photos are good. Ours are terrible. (subject = Our photos

  • Each couple’s books are colour-coded. Yours are red. (subject = Your books)
  • I don’t like this family’s garden but I like yours. (object = your garden

  • These aren’t John and Mary’s children. Theirs have black hair. (subject = Their children)
  • John and Mary don’t like your car. Do you like theirs? (object = their car)

Notice that the following (with apostrophe []) do NOT exist: her’s, your’s, their’s

Notice that the interrogative pronoun whose can also be a possessive pronoun (an interrogative possessive pronoun). Look at these examples:

  • There was $100 on the table and Tara wondered whose it was.
  • This car hasn’t moved for two months. Whose is it?

 

 

Books, Poems, Plays, Movies:
When you are discussing a book, poem, movie, play, or song the convention in disciplines within the humanities is to use the present tense. Whichever tense you choose, you have to stick to it. You cannot jump from tense to tense.

Choosing Your Tense: When’s the Narrator?

There are two places from which the narrator can describe the action, which place his frame of reference.

 

1.     in the same place as us (past-tense narrative mode)

2.     in the same place as the action (present-tense narrative mode)

 

There are also more unusual narrative modes. For example, prophetic literature may be written in future tense, because it describes events that haven’t yet occurred. But this also sits the narrator next to us (case #1 above), and he uses future tense simply because the story he’s telling happens in the future.

Really, as an author, you’re not choosing the tense of the narrative, even though that’s how we usually think of it. Rather, even if you don’t realize it, you’re actually choosing the frame of reference of the narrator. You do this in order to optimize how the narrator tells the story. Once you know where and when the narrator resides, then the tense in which he speaks automatically comes together, depending on what he’s talking about at any given moment.

So the trick in choosing a tense is really just the trick in choosing where you want your narrator to be. Do you want him to sit in the room with the reader and tell his story as he reflects on it (past tense)? Or do you want him to dictate it into a tape recorder as the action is happening (present tense)? Past tense (option #1) often feels more natural, because in conversation we typically tell stories that happened in the past using past tense. In past tense, you can also more naturally include anachronistic details that fit in logically with the narrative. For example, you could stop and explain “future” implications of the story without interrupting the narrative, as I did in my memoir example above, when I used the present tense in my past-tense narrative. This works, because we intuitively understand that “I agree” places my agreement now, in this modern time, and we make that connection without any further explanation.

 

With present tense


(option #2), the reader can feel much closer to the action, because it feels like it’s happening all around him, because the narrator is describing the story into a tape recorder in real time, as the action is occurring, rather than reflecting back on the story after years of distance. With this option, you can more easily distinguish between present time (i.e., the current action), past time (i.e., what happened before), and past-relative-to-past time (i.e., what
 preceded what happened before, using the past-perfect).
This could be especially useful, for example, if you have a first-person narrator telling his story (in present tense), and then flashing back on events that happened before (in past tense), including other events that preceded those events (in past-perfect tense). To sort out all those timeframes using option #1, you’d have to use a lot of context in order to keep the reader from getting confused. (In fact, I’m not sure I haven’t made the situation more confusing, myself. How’s that for befuddlement?)

In the final analysis, it really depends on what you’re more comfortable with. Choosing a tense, like any writing decision, is a creative choice. Any story you can tell in past-tense narrative you can also tell in present-tense. But one or the other might feel more awkward to you, depending on the requirements of your story. The other important thing to keep in mind is to make your choice and adhere to it. Please, do not keep changing from one style to the other. At least now you can hopefully qualify those requirements a little more easily.

This information is a little tricky to read. I hope you can break it down in small part to understand the core of the matter. Please, summarise this in Spanish in order to be able to use this information and advice.

 

Keep writing!

 

 

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