B2 Essay: Clothes and Weather

Clothes and weather.

 The summer is has almost arrived. The passive construction is not possible with intransitive verbs. Madrid is a city with extreme weather. In the winter, we have a lot of dry cold. However, in the summer, it is common to have more than forty degrees in some sunny places of the city. Generally, I prefer the summer to the winter, but if I must choose one station season to from another in this city, I would prefer the winter. In winter you can sleep at night, at least.

What kind of clothes must you put on depending on the station season? Since I live here, I have learned how important your clothes are if you want to be without cold or hot don´t want to be hot or cold. (I am cold: tengo frio. I have a cold: estoy resfriado. The Spanish tener is translated as to be and the estar is translated as have.  It´s a criss cross. I have never had winter clothes or summer clothes. When I was younger, for instance, I only had a jacket, that I wear wore/used to wear everyday. In the winters I used to get a cold and felt feel sick frequently. For many years I lived in a with an “eternal” flu… the expression is to have a flu. Have represents possession; so, we use the preposition “with” which also expresses possession. We use “an” not “a” because the word “eternal” begins with a vowel.

Wore and used to wear both express a regular action/condition in the past. The past simple can be used instead of used to and vice a versa. I used to get a cold and feel sick. Here you conjugated the second verb into the past form. There is no need to do this. “I used to” is followed by a bare infinitive, which is the infinitive without “to.” The conjunction “and” connects the verb “feel” to “I used to. 

My closet has two well differenced This word doesn´t exist. I don´t know what you are trying to say here. parts. I have no storage; so, I must order all my clothes carefully.

In the left part On the left hand side of my closet, I have the summer clothes. Almost all of them were bought when I lived in Ibiza. I bought them in sales and I found some bargains. I have two shabby this means cutre. Do you really
want to say this about your trousers?
trousers that I bought in a street market. They are nice, medium size and light brown.
They are very comfortable,;also, because they have no bet belt and you can adjust by tying a rope string. Rope is big. String is small.. The best thing of about those trousers is that you don’t need to iron them!.

 Although it is not on in fashion, I put on those trousers with plain shirts. It is said that plain trousers does do not go with a plain shirt. Trousers/scissors/shorts/glasses etc are words that are considered plural “You look like a bag”, says Irene when I get dressed like that. “If I were a bag, I would be a comfortable one” I usually think to myself. The fact I want to explain is that, for me, when you get dressed every morning you might fell feel comfortable. Fortunately, I don’t need to put on a suit when I work; I hate them. In some cases, I wore sporty clothes, but my bosses warmed warned me. I understand why you must be well dressed in your job; your work place is not your house.

I like wear to wear/wearing (after like, we need the infinitive or gerund.) sandals in summer. You can find leather sandals very comfortable. Who has not ever felt their feet burning while he was walking? I sometimes hurt my feet due to the shoes I am wearing.

When I travelled to Vietnam, I bought a pair of mountain sandals. They are more strong stronger than formal ones. They have a thick sole, very useful when you want to cross a river. When I swing swing: columpiar. Swim: nadar in a swamp do you mean pantano? If you do, the word is “reservoir” near Madrid, I always wear those sandals. I remember ones once, when I went to Picos de Europa with my friends, when we had to cross a river which had plenty of stones. We had not another had no other way/didn´t have another way and the journey back for the same way was very long.
Eventually, we crossed it. I had my mountain sandals, so I put them on and I crossed easily. My friends had not didn´t have sandals so they had to decide to cross the river with their mountains boots or not. (you have tried to use “had not” a couple of times to form the negative. It is only possible to add not to have if have means haber, here have means tener. It is not an auxiliary in this case. It is a normal verb which needs an auxiliary.) It was a difficult choice because, when you are trekking, the most important thing you have is your boots and the water you have. When you have your boots wet, you can slide off or you can twist your ankle. Finally, they decided to put take off their boots and cross the river barefoot. In the middle of the river, one of my friend friends stepped on a sharp stone. He cried and tried to don’t not to slide. He was catching holding a stick and thanks to that he controlled his body. When he arrived, he had a big wound in his food foot. We had to cure it with mercromine and we put a strong band bandage surrounding around the food foot. We were able to arrive to the car, but he felt a terrible pain during all treck trek. The thing that I want to explain is that, at least in the mountain, the clothes are eminent essential and can safe save you in dangerous situations.

 

There are nouns that are always plural and take a plural verb.

Jeans, knickers, panties, pants, pyjamas, shorts, tights, trousers, and underpants, Pincers, pliers, scissors, shears, tongs, Clogs, sandals, slippers, and sneakers Glasses (spectacles), binoculars

  • These trousers are not mine.
  • Pliers are a handy tool.
  • My garden shears trim the hedge very well.
  • My glasses are used only for reading.

 

“A pair of” can be used with the above plural nouns and take a singular verb.

  • This pair of purple trousers does not match your yellow jacket.
  • These knives do not cut well. new pair of stainless steel scissors is what I need.

 

Other nouns that are always plural.

  • Clothes: My clothes need to be washed but I don’t have the time.
  • Earnings: Earnings in the agricultural sector have increased by 5% in the fourth quarter.
  • Cattle: Cattle are reared for their meat or milk.
  • Police: Police are charging him with the murder of the princess.
  • People: People in general are not very approachable. (Peoples when used in the plural (i.e. with ‘–s’) refers to peoples from more than one race or nation, e.g. the peoples of Asia)
  • Football team: Liverpool are a very successful football team. (But Liverpool is a great city.)

 

Nouns which are plural in form but take a singular verb

The following plural nouns are used with a singular verb as they are treated as singular:

  • Athletics, economics, gymnastics, linguistics, mathematics, mechanics, news, numismatics, measles, mumps, physics, politics and pyrotechnics
    • Economics: Economics was my favourite subject at school.
    • News – The good news is that we have all been invited.
    • Diseases such as mumps, measles, etc: An infectious illness, mumps was common among children.

 

  • Measurements and amounts that are considered as a single unit:
    • One hundred years is a century.
    • Ten kilometres is a long distance.
    • Twenty dollars is not enough to buy a good shirt.
    • Seven days in prison is all he got for shoplifting.

 

Past habit – used to/would/past simple

When we talk about things that happened in the past but don’t happen anymore we can do it in different ways.

Used to

  • We used to live in New York when I was a kid.
  • There didn’t use to be a petrol station there. When was it built?

We can use ‘used to’ to talk about past states ….

  • I used to go swimming every Thursday when I was at school.
  • I used to smoke but I gave up a few years ago.

… or we can use ‘used to’ to talk about repeated past actions

Remember that ‘used to’ is only for past states/actions that don’t happen now – we can’t use it for things that still happen now. Also, ‘used to + infinitive’ should not be confused with ‘be/get used to + ‘ing’ form’ – this is covered in a separate section.

Would

  • Every Saturday I would go on a long bike ride.
  • My teachers would always say “Sit down and shut up!”

We can use ‘would’ to talk about repeated past actions.

Often either ‘would’ or ‘used to’ is possible. Both of these sentences are possible.

  • Every Saturday, I would go on a long bike ride.
  • Every Saturday I used to go on a long bike ride.

However, only ‘used to’ is possible when we talk about past states.

  • We used to live in New York when I was a kid.
  • We would live in New York when I was a kid.

Past simple

  • We went/used to go/would go to the same beach every summer.

We can use the past simple in the same way as ‘used to’ and ‘would’ to talk about repeated past actions.

  • I had/used to have a dog called Charlie.

We can also use the past simple for past states.

  • I went to Egypt in 1988.

However, if something happened only once we can’t use ‘used toor would’ – we must use the past simple.

 

 in the lower part / at the bottom

on the left handside /on the left

on the right hand side / on the right

in the central part / in the middle

 

Think of it this way: If you didn’t have several friends, you wouldn’t need to be specifying that you only met one friend. “One of” is indicating a particular member out of a set with multiple members in it, so it’s correct to use the plural form: “One of my friends.” If you only have one friend total, then you can just say “Yesterday, I met my friend.”

Similarly, when you turn it around thus: One of my friends is meeting me later then it’s correct to use the singular verb form, because you’re still only talking about one person. (Many people get confused because “friends”, plural, is right next to the verb “is”, but “One” is the true subject of the sentence.)

 

 

Swamp: an area of low-lying, uncultivated ground where water collects; a bog or marsh

Reservoir: a large natural or artificial lake used as a source of water supply. In Spanish, they are both translated as Pantano

 

 

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